Altar: The altar is the consummation (fulfillment) of the Holy of Holies in the Old Testament temple. It symbolizes the Throne of God and Tomb of Jesus. It represents Calvary or Golgotha, the place of Jesus’ Sacrifice, Table of the Last Supper, The Sepulchere of Our Lord, The place of Resurrection etc., The altar, as the symbol of Christ the Anointed One, is also fully anointed with the Holy oil. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Gospel Lectionary:The symbol of God the Son, the Word of God. The Word of god sanctifies all. The proclamation of the Word of God signifies Jesus Christ coming to our midst and teaching us. The liturgy of the Word emphasizes the comprehensive celebration of the whole Bible and a solemn confession of its unconditional acceptance as the source of our faith.  {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The Church: It is a holy people, a chosen race, a royal priesthood, whose members give thanks to God and offer the sacrifice of Christ. Together, they take part in the liturgy conscious of what they are doing, with reverence and full involvement. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Incensing: It is the symbol of supreme worship to God, forgiveness for our sins and our prayer rising up to God the most High. It signifies prayer and adoration offered to God, glorifying God, reconciliation and penance, grace of God and sanctification, presence of God and heavenly glory etc.,  Here the whole worshipping community is immersed in the holiness of God whose presence is filled in the sanctuary. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The crucifix:The cross is the symbol of Christ, the Savior. We meditate on Christ’s sacrifice on the cross, His resurrection and the salvation attained through it. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Standing: The most ancient tradition of the church is to worship God turning to the sanctuary, which is the symbol of heavenly Jerusalem. Standing signifies the heavenly hope and the pilgrim nature of the church that offers sacrifices to God with the hope of His second coming. Standing also signifies that we have become children of God, liberated from the captivity of sin and a symbol of resurrection. The worshipping community stands with utmost reverence in the presence of the highest God as a sign of respect and joy. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Candles: Candles, which are signs of reverence and festivity. The living flame of the candle, symbolic of the risen Christ, reminds people that in baptism they are brought out of darkness into God’s marvelous light. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Sacred images: Reflecting the awareness of the communion of saints and the saints into the design of a church creates a source of devotion and prayer for a parish community. Since the Eucharist unites the body of Christ, including those who are not physically present, the use of images in the church reminds us that we are joined to all who have gone before us, as well as to those who now surround us. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Church: It is the house of God. It is the place consecrated for worship. It represents in a special way, the salvific presence of God who pervades the whole of universe, where we celebrate the Christ-event, the consummation of the divine plan to unite and renew the whole creation in Jesus Christ. Ephesians 2: 20-22. It is the symbol of Christ jn. 2:19, 21, jn:1:9 jn. 14:10, 11. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Bowing the head: It signifies the attitude of gratitude, submissiveness, respect, adoration etc., When the priest imparts blessing to the congregation, each one receives it by signing themselves with the sign of the cross in a bowing posture. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Sanctuary: it is the symbol of heaven, Heavenly Jerusalem. The sanctuary gives the experience of heaven, which is filled with the glorious presence of God, whose praises are sung unceasingly by the heavenly hosts. The sanctuary always proclaims the highness of heaven. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Washing of hands: It signifies the internal purity and sanctification. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The Alb: It is the symbol of the renewed New Man. During the ordination rite, when the alb is given to the candidate, the bishop prays,” Let our Lord and our god put on you the new man who is renewed through the knowledge of the truth by the grace of Jesus Christ”.  The one who wears alb put on Jesus Christ and performs His ministry in His place. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The Ambo: The central focus of the area in which the Word of God is proclaimed during the liturgy is the ambo. The design of the ambo and its prominent placement reflects the dignity and nobility of that saving word and draws the attention of those present to the proclamation of the word. Here the Christian community encounters the living Lord in the word of God and prepares itself for the “ breaking of the Bread” and the mission to live the word that will be proclaimed. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Stole: It is symbol of being appointed for the sacred service and symbol of Ministerial priesthood. The bishop prays while he puts on the candidate the stole: “ Our Lord and God, illumine this your servant with the light of holiness and enlighten his soul with the glittering works of sanctity”.  The deacon wears it on the left shoulder. It means an attitude of service and the submissiveness of a servant.  The priest wears the stole on both the shoulders. It means the priestly authority of the celebrant. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Wishing peace to one another: Christ himself is the real peace. It is a sign of mutual love and unity. It reminds us that the faithful are one body in Christ. It is a sign of reconciliation and readiness to participate in joy and sorrow. (Mt. 5:24, 25 & 6:15) {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Folding hands with fingers interlocked: It signifies the sinful state and repentance. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Making the sign of the cross: It is a proclamation and confession of the Most Holy Trinity and our salvation accomplished by it. It also signifies the sacrifice on the cross, proclaims contrition for sins, expresses gratefulness to God etc., {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The place for the Pastoral Musicians: Music is integral to the liturgy. It unifies those gathered to worship, supports the song of the congregation, highlights significant parts of the liturgical action, and helps to set the tone for each celebration. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

The Paschal Candle: The paschal candle is the symbol of “ the light of Christ, rising in glory,” scattering “ the darkness of our hearts and minds”. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Ambo and Lectern:Jesus came down to his own people and preached the good news to them. This event is lived in the celebration of the liturgy of the Word. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Holy Family Announcements

Sacred Vestments: The celebrants, the Ordained ministers and other ministers put on the duly prescribed vestments for Divine Worship. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The Narthex: The narthex is a place of welcome- a threshold space between the congregation’s space and the outside environment. The gathering space helps believers to make the transition from everyday life to the celebration of the liturgy, and after the liturgy, it helps them return to daily life to live out the mystery that has been celebrated. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Sanctuary Lamp:in a consecrated church the sanctuary lamp symbolizes the unending presence of Christ who is the light of the world and the presence of the heavenly kingdom. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The Altar: The altar is Christ. At the Eucharist, the liturgical assembly celebrates the ritual sacrificial meal that recalls and makes present Christ’s life, death, and resurrection, proclaiming” the death of the Lord until he comes”. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Nave: it is the symbol of the earth and the place where the community of faithful gathers. When a bishop consecrates a church, he anoints the crosses on the four walls of the nave. Thus the whole church s set apart and sanctified as the place of worship. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Kissing: kissing shows love, respect and submission. We kiss the Holy Cross, The Gospel (The word of God) and the Holy Altar. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Kneeling or Genuflection: It signifies the sinful state, repentance and reconciliation. Therefore kneeling expresses the inner mentality of the repentant and the supplicating attitude of the sinner. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Folding Hands: It signifies piety and reverence. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Ambry: the consecrated oil of Chrism for initiation, ordination and the dedication of churches as well as the blessed oils of the sick and of catechumens, are traditionally housed in a special place called Ambry or repository. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Confessional: In the sacrament of penance, God forgives sins and restores broken relationships through the ministry of the church. By its design, furnishings, and location within the church building, the place for reconciliation can assists penitents on the path to contrition and sorrow for sin and to proclaim their reconciliation with God and the community of faith. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Tabernacle:Tabernacle means tent. It is a receptacle in which the Blessed Sacrament is kept.  In former times, the Blessed Sacrament was reserved for the sick, and those who were on deathbed and also to distribute on the occasions of religious persecution. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

The cross: The cross with the image of Christ crucified is a reminder of Christ’s paschal mystery. It draws us into the mystery of suffering and makes tangible our belief that our suffering when united with the passion and death of Christ leades to redemption. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

The church doors: the doors to the church have both practical and symbolic significance. They function as the secure, steady symbol of Christ. “ the Good Shepherd” and the door though which those who follow him enter are safe as they go in and go out. The appearance and the heights of the church doors reflect their dignity. (taken from Built of Living Stones)

Baptismal font( Baptistery): We the children of God are born in the baptismal font, the womb of Mother Church. The food of the children of God is from the sacrifice at the Altar. And Eucharistic celebration is the culmination and completion of baptism. The newborn in baptism is duly nourished from the life-giving Bread on the Holy Altar. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}

Chasuble: It is the outermost and most important liturgical vestment that a priest put on. It is the garment of justice. A priest should be the embodiment of the virtue of justice. The bishop prays while he vests the candidate with alb, “ Let our Lord and God put on you the garment of justice that you may please Him all through your life on earth by serving Him sincerely, nobly and holily. Amen”. It also signifies the divine service, which is beyond human capability. The beauty of the chasuble signifies the heavenly glory, divine sanctity and the eschatological glory. {Exert from Holy Qurbana by Most Rev. J. Perumthottam}